The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards

I am sure you must have heard of tarot cards or seen the tarot card. For centuries now, these beautiful adorned cards. They have fascinated people all over the world.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards , The Emperor
The Emperor, the only surviving trump from the Rothschild-Bassano deck.

The word taroch was used in the 15th century, when Trionfia 70-card became popular during the Italian Renaissance. Trionfi cards are colorful, decorated and hand-painted images of mythical motifs. Later in the 16th century, trionfi game became known as tarocho in Italy and taraux in France, which in time changed into tarot.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards, The Queen of staff
The Queen of Staves from the Visconti-Sforza deck. Attributed to Bonifacio Bembo (15th century).

In trionfi cards had four suits, Swords, Batons, Coins, and Cups as well as trumps, cards.

Over time, this would include French suits in Northern Europe, Latin suits in Southern Europe, and German suits in Central Europe. The decks also included courts consisting of a king, page, and the Knight. Later, the fool, the trumps, and a set of queens were added to the system.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards
Three cards from a Visconti-Sforza Tarot deck. Featuring: Ace of Cups, Queen of coins, and the Knight of staves.

Italian artists began painting additional cards, heavily illustrated, to add to the existing suits. These trump, or triumph, cards were often painted for wealthy families. The nobility would commission artists to create for them their own set of cards, featuring family members and friends as the triumph cards.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards
A French tarot game in session

The decks were used to play a game called triumph that was similar to the bridge. In triumph, 21 of the 22 special picture cards were permanent trump cards. The game spread to all parts of Europe.

Tarot as Divination

Some people think that the original purpose of the Tarot was as an entertaining game and not as a divinatory tool. But in the late sixteenth and early seventeenth century, divination with playing cards started to become popular. By the eighteenth century, specific meanings were assigned to each card, and how they could be spread out for divinatory purposes.

In 1781 Antoine Court de Gebelin published his “Le Monde Primatif”, in which he asserted Tarot cards held the “secrets of the Egyptians“. Gebelin even stated that the name “tarot” came from the Egyptian words tar, meaning “royal”, and ro, meaning “road”, therefore represented a “royal road” to wisdom.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards
The Magician

Tarot cards have been written about by many Mystics who have put forward views on the history of Tarot cards. The origin and history of the Tarot is unclear and often idealized.

Tarot Cards Symbolism

The 78-card tarot deck used by esotericists has two distinct parts:

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards, Major Arcana
The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards

The Major Arcana (greater secrets), or trump cards, consists of 22 cards without suits:

The Magician, The High Priestess, The Empress, The Emperor, The Hierophant, The Lovers, The Chariot, Strength, The Hermit, Wheel of Fortune, Justice, The Hanged Man, Death, Temperance, The Devil, The Tower, The Star, The Moon, The Sun, Judgement, The World, and The Fool. Cards from The Magician to The World are numbered in Roman numerals from I to XXI, while The Fool is the only unnumbered card, sometimes placed at the beginning of the deck as 0, or at the end as XXII.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards
The Magician

The Minor Arcana (lesser secrets) consists of 56 cards, divided into four suits of 14 cards each;

Ten numbered cards and four court cards. The court cards are the King, Queen, Knight, and Page/Jack, in each of the four tarot suits. The traditional Italian tarot suits are swords, batons, coins and cups; in modern occult tarot decks, however, the batons suit is often called wands, rods or staves, while the coins suit is often called pentacles or disks.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards

The 56 Minor Arcana cards are grouped into four suits (just like a regular deck of playing cards): Wands, Cups, Swords, and Pentacles. The 22 Major Arcana deal with your life’s overall journey.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards

WANDS

Actions

CUPS

Emotions

SWORDS

Thoughts

PENTACLES

Things

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2. While the Major Arcana cards (e.g., The Lovers, The Tower) deal with big milestones, the Minor Arcana deal with day-to-day issues.

3. The Page, Knight, Queen, and King cards in the Minor Arcana are usually tied to people in your life. These are called the court cards. If these show up, relate them to someone with that type of personality.

4. Each suit of the Minor Arcana has those four court cards plus cards numbered ace to 10. In general, they show a progression: The Ace of Wands can show the energetic start to a new work, while the 10 of Wands show tired and exhausted due to the work.

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards

The Symbolism and History of Tarot Cards

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